The long wait is over now as we’ve launched EAA Max -- the best tasting amino acid supplement on the market. EAA Max provides a full essential amino acid profile including a full 5g dose of 2:1:1 BCAAs to support muscle growth, repair, and recovery!* Primeval Labs fans have been clamoring for a comprehensive amino acid supplement for years now, but truth be told, developing the perfect profile (with exceptional flavor) is no small feat.* Sure, it’d be easy to just pump out some under-dosed BCAA-only supplement, but that doesn’t provide everything skeletal muscle tissue with what it needs to effectively synthesize more protein. The wait is finally over now as Primeval Labs has launched EAA Max -- the best tasting amino acid supplement on the market.* EAA Max provides a complete essential amino acid profile PLUS a full serving of 2:1:1 BCAAs for maximal muscle growth, repair, and recovery!* When Can I Take EAA Max? EAA Max is your all day, every day amino acid supplement. Use it on training days for intra workout fuel, or on non-training days as a way keep a steady supply of essential amino acids pumping into your muscles. Mix a scoop or two into a half gallon water bottle and sip throughout the day.* That’s the great thing about EAA Max it can literally be used ANYTIME, ANYWHERE to support muscle growth and recovery. * Why Choose EAA Max? Typical amino acid supplements only contain the three branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) consisting of Leucine, Isoleucine, and Valine. While there’s nothing wrong with BCAA supplements, they simply do not provide the full spectrum of amino acids the body requires for protein synthesis. Think of it like playing a game of football with only 6 of the 11 players -- it just won’t work!* Essential Amino Acids (EAA’s), on the other hand, contain the entire range of amino acids the body demands when it needs to build new tissue. EAAs are called "essential" because the body cannot synthesize them on its own. It MUST obtain them through food or supplements.* Furthermore, most individuals aren’t eating a diverse enough diet, and therefore may be deficient in some EAAs. Plus, some may be eating a well-balanced diet, but may not be absorbing the nutrients properly.* Either way, the end result is EAA deficiency and lack of protein synthesis!* EAAs not only stimulate protein synthesis, but they support energy production and cellular repair.* Additionally, EAAs are needed for complete and healthy digestion and nutrient absorption. EAAs also support each cell’s mitochondria -- the “power plant” of the cell that generates ATP!* EAA Max Ingredients Branched-Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) L-Leucine (2,500mg) Leucine is the best known, and well researched, of all the amino acids. It’s also the BCAA to which most of the benefits of BCAA supplementation is attributed. The reason being, is that Leucine as a powerful stimulator of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR).* Note: mTOR used to stand for mammalian target of rapamycin until recently mTOR is a cellular signal “highway” that serves as the primary regulator in the body of cell growth, proliferation, survival, and metabolism. Specifically, mTOR1 is the one responsible for muscle protein synthesis (i.e. building muscle). Additionally, leucine is also helpful for preventing muscle protein breakdown (a.k.a. catabolism) -- keeping you anabolic even during periods of fasting!* It’s easy to see why Leucine is widely regarded as the “king” of all amino acids when you put these benefits together.* Stimulates mTOR pathway* Aids muscle protein synthesis* Helps combat muscle protein breakdown* L-Isoleucine (1,250mg) Think of Isoleucine as the weaker “younger brother” of Leucine. It’s a more mild stimulator of muscle protein synthesis -- weaker than Leucine, but stronger than Valine. However, where Isoleucine does stand out is in its ability to increase glucose uptake as well as glucose use during high intensity exercise.* Stimulates muscle protein synthesis* Supports glucose uptake and utilization during exercise* L-Valine (1,250mg) Last of the BCAAs is Valine. Though not studied to the extent of Leucine and Isoleucine in isolation, Valine has been shown to be essential for energy conversion in the body as well as enhance glycogen synthesis in skeletal muscle, preventing catabolism.* While it may seem inconsequential compared to the previous two BCAAs, Valine is the third critical “leg” of the BCAA trifecta that contributes to increased muscle protein synthesis, repair, and growth.* Supports glycogen synthesis in muscle tissue* Supports protein synthesis* Essential Amino Acids L-Lysine HCl (300mg) First up for the Essential Amino Acid portion of EAA Max is L-Lysine. Among Lysine’s major functions, most pertinent to its inclusion here is its role in constructing muscle protein, aiding injury recovery, and supporting calcium absorption.* Additionally, Lysine is also necessary for carnitine production. Carnitine is a substance in the body that supports energy production via fat conversion. It also plays a vital role in synthesis of collagen, skin, cartilage, and tendons.* Supports immune function* Required for carnitine production* Aids fat burning via its role in the synthesis of carnitine* L-Threonine (225mg) Threonine was the final amino acid to be discovered by William C. Rose. It’s an alpha amino acid necessary for the synthesis of proteins in the body. Specifically, threonine is needed for the synthesis of serine and glycine to drive muscle protein synthesis. Additionally, threonine also teams with methionine and aspartic acid to assist the liver with the digestion of fats, also known as lipotropic function.* Supports fat digestion* Required for production of serine and glycine (amino acids involved in protein synthesis)* L-Phenylalanine (200mg) Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid vital to optimal Central Nervous System functioning. It easily crosses the blood-brain barrier where it’s used to create three highly important neurotransmitters that essentially govern the way you interact and view your surroundings.* Furthermore, increased levels of these three neurotransmitters translate to increased energy, mood, and focus -- all critical attributes to maintaining performance when training.* Used in the production of neurotransmitters which enhance motivation and focus* Supports synthesis of catecholamines* L-Tryptophan (50mg) As the sole precursor of serotonin, L-tryptophan is vital to optimal serotonin production on the brain, which is an important factor in cognition, behavior, and overall mood. The problem is that Tryptophan is the amino acid with the lowest concentrations in the body, so supplementing with extra ensure you have the adequate raw materials needed for sufficient serotonin production, and don’t have to worry about any bouts of depression!* Interestingly enough, researchers have observed that only the “L” form of amino acids (other forms such as DL-Tryptophan, DL-Phenylalanine, etc. exist) can be used by the body for protein synthesis and cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). This is why Primeval Labs includes ONLY the L-based amino acid forms in EAA Max -- quality matters!* Serotonin precursor* Supports a healthy mood due to its role in serotonin production* L-Histidine Histidine is a precursor to histamine and an essential component for cognitive functioning and wakefulness. The reason for this is that histidine is needed for the development and maintenance of the myelin sheaths that cover nerve cells and support signal transmission from the brain to all the various component of the body.* Additionally, histidine also forms the crucial second half of the beta alanine + histidine “equation” for carnosine production.* Precursor to histamine, an important neurotransmitter* Supports neurotransmission due to its role in the development of myelin sheath* Works with beta alanine to produce carnosine* L-Methionine Last but not least of the EAA portion of EAA Max is Methionine. Among the numerous critical functions that Methionine is involved in, first among those is its role as a lipotropic, substance that assists the liver with fat digestion. Furthermore, methionine also acts as a precursor for L-Cysteine, a powerful antioxidant in the body which helps defend against free radicals and oxidative stress brought on by intense exercise.* Assists the liver with fat digestion* Precursor to cysteine -- an important antioxidant* Muscle Energy & Nutrient Delivery Cluster Dextrin®(2,000mg) Highly Branched Cyclic Dextrin (HBCD) is the ideal carbohydrate you want going into an intense workout. It’s unique molecular structure facilitates rapid digestion with no GI upset or “carb coma” like other functional carbohydrates.* Cluster Dextrin gets immediately transported into muscles where it can provide a reliable source of energy and enhance nutrient delivery, thereby supporting muscle growth and repair. This is the exact carbohydrate you want packaged with your essential amino acids for maximal nutrient transport and absorption!* Fast-digesting, low-glycemic carbohydrate* Supports energy production and exercise performance* Aids glycogen resynthesis* D-Ribose (500mg) D-Ribose is a supplemental variation of ribose, a sugar produced from the digestion of glucose, that combines with adenine to form ATP, the primary energy driver of cellular metabolism. During intense training, ATP is rapidly depleted, which leads to decreased stamina and performance. D-ribose effectively regenerates ATP reserves in the cell following exercise[12,13], which keeps performance at peak levels throughout even the most grueling training sessions. due to the demands placed on the muscle.* Supplemental form of ribose that supports ATP production* Supports exercise performance* May aid intra-set recovery* Dosing Mix one scoop of EAA Max in 10-12oz of cold water and consume during exercise on training days. On non-training days, EAA Max can be consumed throughout the day for improved recovery and muscle building. Disclaimer: *These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
Athletes know the importance of protein. It provides the building blocks for their muscles, and it’s an absolute must when trying to grow bigger, faster, and stronger.* To ensure optimal daily protein intake, athletes often turn to protein powders, due to their convenience and high protein content, and more often than not these protein powders are made from whey protein.* Derived from cow’s milk, whey protein has been a staple of bodybuilders, athletes, and weekend warriors for decades for a host of reasons: Cost Effective Convenient Portable Shelf stable Delicious Packed with protein Wide array of flavors But, in recent years, protein powders have suffered in terms of quality, taste, and affordability. In an effort to cut costs, manufacturers have opted for lower quality proteins and less-satisfying flavoring technologies. This has left consumers thirsting for a protein that mixes easily, tastes great, doesn’t upset their stomach, and doesn’t break the bank.* The team at Primeval Labs has surveyed the state of protein powders in the industry and heard your cries and sought to develop a protein that was not only of superior quality, but also tasted better than anything ever tasted before.* This quest to develop the ultimate protein powder resulted in the creation of ISOLIT. What is Isolit? ISOLIT is a 100% pure whey protein isolate protein powder that mixes easily and tastes absolutely delicious. ISOLIT is derived from exceptionally high-quality milk, and by using only whey protein isolate, we’ve maximized protein content per scoop while limiting carbohydrates and fat.* Premium Quality Whey Protein Isolate ISOLIT is a delicious-tasting, easy-to-digest whey protein isolate that contains a 100% pure, Triple Cold-Filtered processed whey protein isolate (4x smaller than micro filtered!), yielding a protein with unparalleled absorption and bioavailability!* By using a cold-filtered purification process, isolates may be able to retain a higher concentration of the bioactive fractions naturally occurring in whey protein including*: ß-lactoglobulin α-lactalbumin Bovine serum albumin Immunoglobulins Glycomacropeptide Lactoferrin Lactoperoxidase Cold Pressed Cross Flow Microfiltration is a natural non-chemical manufacturing process which uses high-tech ceramic filters to remove the vast majority of carbohydrates, lactose, and fat from milk.* Unlike ion exchange, which involves the use of harsh chemicals such as hydrochloric acid that degrade the bioactive whey fractions, cold-pressed cross-flow microfiltered whey uses no harsh chemicals or high temperatures, resulting in a whey protein isolate that retains all of the beneficial bioactive fractions of whey while at the same time delivering a powder that is incredibly high in protein and essential minerals, but low in carbs, fat, and lactose.* Why Use Whey Protein Isolate? Hard training athletes know the value of a calorie, and if you’re anything like us, you hate wasting calories on unnecessary carbohydrates and fats lurking in your protein powder. For this exact reason, we’ve selected whey protein isolate.* Whey protein isolate contains a minimum 90% protein by mass, which means there’s virtually no room left for carbohydrates, lactose, or fat. Typical bargain bin protein powders you’ll find on the market use the cheaper, less refined whey protein concentrate, which is rich in various immunoglobulins and lactoferrins, but suffers from a lack of standardization in quality.* You see, whey protein concentrate can range anywhere from 35-80% protein by weight depending on what quality a particular manufacturer ends up using. Even worse, companies aren’t required to list which grade of whey protein concentrate they use in their protein, which means you could only be getting about 35% protein by weight in your powder. This also means you’re “economy” protein powder could contain as much as 65% carbohydrates and fats. That’s hardly a “protein powder” in our book.* ISOLIT utilizes whey protein isolate, considered by many to be the purest form of whey protein on the market. Whey Isolate is processed one degree further than whey concentrate to remove fat and lactose, which delivers high protein, low carbohydrate and fat, and no GI upset. * Suggested Use: As a dietary supplement, mix one scoop in 8oz of cold water. Disclaimer: *These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
Ape Sh*t Cutz$34.99
What is Ape Sh*t Cutz? Ape Sh*t Cutz is a thermogenic pre workout scientifically formulated to support increased athletic performance, endurance, and calorie burning. We’ve taken the best elements from our best-selling, high energy pre workout Ape Sh*t and added in prominent weight loss support agents to create the ultimate fat-burning pre workout supplement.* What’s the Difference Between Ape Sh*t & Ape Sh*t Cutz? The biggest difference between the original Ape Sh*t pre workout and Ape Sh*t Cutz is the swap of nitric oxide support ingredients for weight loss support agents. In lieu of L-Citrulline, Agmatine, and Taurine, we’ve included several compounds that help support fat metabolism and increased thermogenesis to help burn more calories during training.* Make no mistake though, Ape Sh*t Cutz still offers the same delicious flavor you’ve come to expect from all Primeval Labs supplements. In fact, we believe this may surpass the flavoring of the original Ape Sh*t!* Ape Sh*t Cutz Ingredients Beta Alanine Beta alanine is a prominent endurance support supplement known to support stamina and resistance to fatigue. It does so by increasing concentrations of a powerful intracellular buffer known as carnosine.* With higher levels of carnosine, skeletal muscle is better able to buffer acidic (H+) ions that accumulate during repeated muscle contractions. This enables muscles to last longer before succumbing to fatigue, promoting greater stamina, strength, and endurance.*[2,3,4] Choline Bitartrate Choline is an essential nutrient that plays a key role in cognitive development, muscle movement, and the structure of cell membranes. It also serves as a building block for the “learning transmitter”, acetylcholine, which is well-known to impact focus, learning, memory, and the “mind-muscle connection.”* Supplementing with choline helps support acetylcholine production in the body promoting greater focus and a stronger mind-muscle connection during training.* Caffeine Caffeine is great for increasing mental energy, focus, and concentration. It’s also useful for supporting weight loss due to the facts that caffeine has been noted in various research trials[5,6,7,8] to help*: Enhance fatty acid oxidation* Increase lipolysis via cyclic AMP* Boost metabolic rate* Suppresse appetite This consummate pre workout stimulant also helps improve exercise performance by reducing perceived exertion, which may help athletes to train longer, banging out more reps and burning more calories.* Ape Sh*t Cutz utilizes natural caffeine from green tea to supply smooth, long-lasting energy without the jitters, edginess or crash.* Note: Each full serving (2 scoops) of Ape Sh*t Cutz supplies a total of 300mg caffeine from green tea. Garcinia Cambogia Garcinia cambogia is a small, sour-tasting, pumpkin-shaped fruit that is rich in hydroxycitric acid (HCA).* Research suggests that garcinia cambogia may help decrease oxidative stress, suppress appetite, and support weight loss efforts.*[18,19,20] Dandelion Extract Dandelion is a commonly used all-natural diuretic included to help shed unwanted water weight that tends to accumulate in the body. Research has shown that dandelion may increase urine output, as well as the frequency of urination, for up to 5 hours![9,10]* Additional studies also suggest dandelion may enhance glucose uptake in skeletal muscle, promoting greater utilization and storage of carbohydrates.* Gamma-Butyrobetaine HCl (GBB) Gamma-butyrobetaine (GBB) acts as a carnitine precursor.* It is converted to carnitive via the enzyme Gamma-butyrobetaine dioxygenase (BBD). Gamma-butyrobetaine dioxygenase is an oxidoreductase enzyme that mediates conversion of GBB to carnitine through the movement of electrons.* Why is more carnitine beneficial? Carnitine is the molecule in the body that facilitates transportation of fatty acids into the mitochondria for beta-oxidation, a.k.a. “fat burning”. Greater carnitine availability allows for more fatty acids to be shuttled into the mitochondria to burn as fuel.* Be forewarned that GBB is known to have a prominent thermogenic effect in the body, so expect to feel the heat with Ape Sh*t Cutz!* Yohimbine Bark Extract Yohimbine is a bioactive compound found within the bark of the African tree, Pausinystalia johimbe. It has been noted to function as a powerful CNS stimulant that antagonizes alpha-2-adrenergic receptors in the body, which helps increase energy and focus while also supporting fat burning.* Yohimbine has also been noted to help suppress appetite, helping individuals combat those notorious hunger pangs that arise during diets.*[15,16,17] Disclaimer: *These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. References Baguet, A et al.; Journal of Applied Physiology; “Important role of muscle carnosine in rowing performance;” July 2010;” 2005 Roger C. Harris; et al.; “The effect of a supplement containing β-alanine on muscle carnosine synthesis, ventilatory threshold and exercise capacity in Korean cyclists, during 12 weeks combined endurance and weight training“ Hill, CA et al.; Amino Acids; “Influence of beta-alanine supplementation on skeletal muscle carnosine concentrations and high intensity cycling capacity ;” February 2007 Kendrick IP, et al. The effects of 10 weeks of resistance training combined with beta-alanine supplementation on whole body strength, force production, muscular endurance and body composition. Amino Acids. (2008) Hasselmo ME. The role of acetylcholine in learning and memory. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2006;16(6):710–715. doi:10.1016/j.conb.2006.09.002 Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Military Nutrition Research. Caffeine for the Sustainment of Mental Task Performance: Formulations for Military Operations. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2001. 2, Pharmacology of Caffeine. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK223808/ Schubert, M. M., Irwin, C., Seay, R. F., Clarke, H. E., Allegro, D., & Desbrow, B. (2017). Caffeine, coffee, and appetite control: a review. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/09637486.2017.1320537 Dulloo, A. G., Geissler, C. A., Horton, T., Collins, A., & Miller, D. S. (1989). Normal caffeine consumption: influence on thermogenesis and daily energy expenditure in lean and postobese human volunteers. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 49(1), 44–50. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/49.1.44 Rácz-Kotilla E, Rácz G, Solomon A; The action of Taraxacum officinale extracts on the body weight and diuresis of laboratory animals . Planta Med. (1974) Clare BA, Conroy RS, Spelman K. The Diuretic Effect in Human Subjects of an Extract of Taraxacum officinale Folium over a Single Day. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2009;15(8):929-934. doi:10.1089/acm.2008.0152. Higuchi N1, et al; Effects of insulin resistance and hepatic lipid accumulation on hepatic mRNA expression levels of apoB, MTP and L-FABP in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease . Exp Ther Med. (2011) Strijbis K, Vaz F, Distel B; “Enzymology of the carnitine biosynthesis pathway”; IUBMB Life; 2010 May; 62(5):357-62; Paul HS, Sekas G, Adibi SA (Feb 1992). “Carnitine biosynthesis in hepatic peroxisomes. Demonstration of gamma-butyrobetaine hydroxylase activity”. European Journal of Biochemistry / FEBS. 203 (3): 599–605. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1992.tb16589.x. PMID 1735445 Murburg, M. M., Villacres, E. C., Ko, G. N., & Veith, R. C. (1991). Effects of yohimbine on human sympathetic nervous system function. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 73(4), 861–865. https://doi.org/10.1210/jcem-73-4-861 Mizuki Y, et al; Differential effects of noradrenergic drugs on anxiety and arousal in healthy volunteers with high and low anxiety . Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. (1996) Galitzky J, et al; Alpha 2-antagonist compounds and lipid mobilization: evidence for a lipid mobilizing effect of oral yohimbine in healthy male volunteers . Eur J Clin Invest. (1988) Callahan MF, Beales M, Oltmans GA; Yohimbine and rauwolscine reduce food intake of genetically obese (obob) and lean mice . Pharmacol Biochem Behav. (1984) Onakpoya I, Hung SK, Perry R, Wider B, Ernst E. The Use of Garcinia Extract (Hydroxycitric Acid) as a Weight loss Supplement: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Clinical Trials. J Obes. 2011;2011:509038. doi:10.1155/2011/509038 Ohia SE, Opere CA, LeDay AM, Bagchi M, Bagchi D, Stohs SJ. Safety and mechanism of appetite suppression by a novel hydroxycitric acid extract (HCA-SX). Mol Cell Biochem. 2002;238(1-2):89-103. doi:10.1023/a:1019911205672 Sripradha R, Sridhar MG, Maithilikarpagaselvi N. Antihyperlipidemic and antioxidant activities of the ethanolic extract of Garcinia cambogia on high fat diet-fed rats. J Complement Integr Med. 2016;13(1):9-16. doi:10.1515/jcim-2015-0020
Everyone has had one of those days before. You know the kind we’re referring to….boss is on your case, cable repair guy stood you up, your brand new smartphone just fell in the toilet. Yeah, now you understand those days -- the really sh*tty ones that have you at wit’s end! These are the days when someone even looks at you cross, and you go Ape Sh*t! Going “Ape Sh*t” Ape Sh*t (adj.) - To behave in an explosive manner; to act without regard, due to becoming enraged or extremely angry. It takes a certain confluence of events to drive someone absolutely ape sh*t. In the wrong setting, being in such an untamed fury can spell disaster, but in the right place (i.e. the gym), going ape shit can set the stand for record-shatter workouts, where it just rains PRs for the entire session. Wouldn’t it be great to have that same feeling day after day in the gym, without actually having a shitty day?! Enter Ape Shi*t Pre Workout What is Ape Sh*t? Ape Sh*t is a high energy pre workout that supports increased energy, aggression, motivation and focus along with increased blood flow to boost performance and pumps.* Ape Sh*t Ingredients L-Citrulline L-Citrulline is a premium nitric oxide support ingredient. It is an amino acid found prevalently in the flesh and rind of watermelon. Studies show it is superior to the old favorite NO-booster (L-Arginine) due to L-Citrulline’s higher bioavailability.* With greater nitric oxide production, the stage is set for greater vasodilation, vascularity, and PUMPS!*There’s more to L-Citrulline than just vein-gorging pumps though, it’s also is known to support increased athletic performance.* Studies indicate that supplementing with L-Citrulline prior to training may enhance ATP production, boost endurance, and support lean body mass gains.*[2,3] Beta Alanine Tired of burning out mid set and leaving gains in the gym? Then, beta alanine might be just the thing your training needs.*When exercising, hydrogen (H+) ions accumulate in muscle tissue which drops the pH in muscles leading to an acidic environment. Once this occurs, that painful “burning” sensation hits like a Mack Truck, terminating the set.*Beta Alanine helps delay the onset of fatiuge and "beat back" the burn, by increasing carnosine concentrations in skeletal muscle.* Higher levels of carnosine improve body’s buffering capacity to shuttle out those acidic ions, delaying that burning sensation, and increasing training capacity.*The end result is greater stamina, strength, and endurance.[5,6,7] Something any athlete, not just weightlifters, can benefit from!* Taurine When you’re going Ape Sh*t in the gym, you’re bringing everything you got, and that inevitably means you’re sweating your ass off! While that’s a strong indication you’re pushing the limits, it’s also a sign that you may be losing valuable electrolytes needed for hydration and muscle contraction!To support hydration and performance, Ape Sh*t contains TWO full grams of L-Taurine, a conditionally essential amino acid that functions as an osmolyte in the body.* Taurine helps pull water into muscle cells, which improves hydration, cell volumization, muscle fullness, and endurance.*There’s more though! Taurine is also a highly underrated focus booster, as vast reserves of taurine are found in the brain, where it serves to enhance cognition and attention.* Agmatine Sulfate (750mg) Agmatine is a multi-faceted nutrient that has a number of alluring properties.* Agmatine supports nitric oxide in two ways by stimulating eNOS and inhibiting arginase, the enzyme that degrades arginine (the amino acid responsible for N.O. production). Limiting arginase activity supports greater Arginine levels, promoting greater nitric oxide production and longer-lasting muscle pumps!* Agmatine has also been noted to modulate pain receptors which may allow for longer training capacity.* Choline Bitartrate Hitting the gym with unbridled aggression and rage is great if it’s focused on a singular goal. Without focus, that aggression just turns you into the typical bro jerk who’s screaming and dropping weights all over the ground -- and NO ONE likes that guy.* Choline is needed for the production of the learning transmitter acetylcholine, which promotes focus as well as the “mind-muscle connection”.* Caffeine Caffeine is the consummate pre-workout stimulant.* It picks you up when you’re low on energy and helps motivate you to get the job done! For these exact reasons, Untamed Labs has included a synergistic trifecta of caffeine to provide both immediate and long-lasting energy.*Caffeine Anhydrous provides the jumpstart needed to get going in the gym, and the addition of Caffeine Citrate and Infinergy™ Dicaffeine Malate serve to further enhance energy levels, thereby helping Ape Sh*t hit harder and last longer.*The unique combination of caffeine variants is what sets Ape Sh*t from any other pre-workout on the market.* No crash, no headaches, no jitters -- just pure energy, focus, and motivation!* Yohimbine Bark Extract 8% Yohimbine is the active component of yohimbe extracted from Pausinystalia Yohimbe.*Yohimbine is an Alpha-2-Adrenergic receptor antagonist that works by increasing adrenaline and noradrenaline levels in the body, stimulating the “fight or flight” response, and thereby promoting alertness, energy, and motivation. Yohimbine also supports fat burning by inhibiting a regulatory process in fat cells that stunts fat burning.* Toothed Clubmoss (Standardized to 1% Huperzine A) Huperzine supports increased acetylcholine levels by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase, the enzyme responsible for acetylcholine breakdown.* Limiting acetylcholinesterase activity helps further enhance acetylcholine levels and prolongs its actions, promoting stronger focus and mind-muscle connection.*There’s more though! Huperzine is also noted to possess neuroprotective qualities as it defends against glutamine (the neuron death molecule), and supports the creation of new brain cells!* Suggested Use Consume 1-2 scoops with 8-10 oz of water 15-20 minutes prior to training to unleash your inner beast! Disclaimer: *These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.